5 Things to Know BEFORE Starting a CBD Business

As the CBD market continues to grow, many folks have become interested in getting involved or starting a CBD home business.

While the CBD industry indeed presents a lot of opportunities, there are also many things one must consider before starting a CBD business.

In this guide, we will discuss 5 things people MUST know before starting a CBD business.

1. Industry Laws and Regulations

While hemp-derived CBD was federally legalized under the 2018  Farm Bill, there are still many legal complications business owners face due to CBD’s close relationship with the recreational cannabis industry. Because of this, it is crucial for business owners to fully understand the current laws and regulations of the industry. Before you start a CBD business, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a lawyer who is experienced in the space.

2. Payment Processing Issues

If you are getting into the CBD business, you may have difficulty finding a reliable payment processor to work with.

Since CBD is so closely related to the recreational cannabis industry, most payment processors consider the business operating in the industry to be “high risk.”

While the situation is definitely improving, and more payment processing companies are now accepting applications from CBD companies, it is still an important factor to consider before starting a CBD business.

If you cannot find a reliable payment processor, your company will be unable to accept credit card payments online or possibly even in person. That said, before starting a CBD business, it is absolutely crucial that you secure a relationship with a trusted payment processing company.

3. Lab Testing Standards

1 thing which you’re likely to have to find out about is laboratory testing. Consumers wish to guarantee they’re getting great products, and they are likely to do so by not reading reports and reviews on your merchandise but by assessing lab results.

While some companies perform lab analysis testing in-house, it’s important to get your products tested by a third-party laboratory.

When it comes to evaluating lab testing results it’s important that you understand the following:

  • Cannabinoid Potency
  • Terpenoid Potency
  • Microbial Analysis
  • Heavy Metals Analysis
  • Residual Solvents

4. How to Determine Product Quality

As with products of any industry, quality is very important. As such, you should understand how to properly evaluate the quality of CBD products. In order to do so, consider the following:

  • Manufacturing Standards = Cheaper brands are more likely to use riskier, cheaper extraction methods such as those using butane or propane. When search for a company to source from, look for companies that use the highest level of manufacturing standards such as the CBDpure company
  • Hemp Source – Try to get CBD extracted from organic, pesticide-free hemp that’s grown in areas with low pollution and rich soil.
  • Lab Testing – As mentioned above, the best way to get a conclusive understanding of many different aspects of a CBD product is to look at third-party test results.

5. Large Upfront Investment

When starting a business, it is usually necessary to invest startup funds into the business to get it off the ground.

Before you decide to start a CBD business, it’s important to understand that CBD products are not cheap. Because of this, starting a CBD business will typically require a large upfront investment.

Will CBD Oil Get You High?

If you are thinking of trying CBD oil, one of the main things you’ll want to know is, “How will this make me feel?”

To understand how CBD oil works and how it will feel to use it, it’s important to first review some basics.

What Is CBD, and What Is CBD Oil?

CBD is one of more than 120 plant-based cannabinoid compounds. CBD stands for Cannabidiol—one of the most widely studied compounds in the Cannabis sativa plant.

CBD oil is extracted from this cannabis compound, so the oil contains CBD.

Chances are you’ve heard about it—because many people are now talking about the potential of CBD oil to bring natural relief for painful or stressful conditions.

How can CBD oil affect these conditions? We all have internal, naturally present cannabinoid receptors in our body’s endocannabinoid systems. We even produce cannabinoids of our own to regulate and balance our sleep, immunity, and responses to pain.

CBD’s Role in the Body

According to research in the journal Neurotherapeutics, scientists first discovered the body’s endocannabinoid system in the early 1990s. CBD’s impact on this system of internal receptors is subtle.

One of the roles it plays is to impede our absorption of the endocannabinoid anandamide, an internal pain regulator. Anandamide acts not only in physical pain, but also in emotional pain, memory, appetite, and fertility. Thus, a CBD extract such as CBD oil may have an impact on the movement of anandamide in the bloodstream, and this might lessen the pain we feel.

How quickly does this happen? It may depend on the time needed by your endocannabinoid system to restore balance among your internal systems—or to optimize the balance you already have.

So, Will CBD Oil Get You High?

The answer is no. CBD oil in no way impairs you. It is not psychoactive. Of the compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant, only the molecule delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, produces a “buzz.” In contrast, CBD doesn’t induce any high at all.

With both compounds coming from the Cannabis sativa plant, some people have the idea that CBD could have some of the same psychoactive effects THC has. This is not so, largely because of the structural difference between a THC molecule and the CBD molecule. This structural distinctiveness gives the two compounds their own particular ways of interacting with the human body.

THC induces a state of euphoria because of the specific endocannabinoid receptors it engages in the brain. It is focused on the brain’s mechanism, which produces dopamine and other natural reward chemicals.

CBD, Relaxation, and Stress Relief

CBD affects different receptors in the body. Therefore, CBD oil will not get you high, and it won’t change your state of mind. In fact, CBD extracts have a known ability to modulate THC’s psychoactive effects, relieving the user of anxiety or stress.

In a striking example of this, CBD can lessen the effects of psychosis. This natural compound shows promise as a treatment for schizophrenia, a disorder in which psychosis is a key symptom. Researchers are now working with CBD to design a preventative drug—an unprecedented concept that could keep schizophrenia from arising in the first place.

Current research indicates that CBD can potentially help people abstain from opioids over the long term after kicking the habit. This may work because of CBD’s ability to lessen both cravings and anxiety, key triggers for relapse. Moreover, unlike most anti-anxiety medications, CBD does not create dependence in its users.

How Does It Feel to Take CBD Oil?

Instead of a euphoric high, the feeling CBD oil imparts is often described as a subtle sense of relaxation.

Your symptoms won’t be masked or overpowered. The desired effect is an ease in the symptoms over time, as CBD oil works by regulating neural systems at the source of the issue. This happens without any mind-altering side effects and without any interruptions to daily life.

Once you do try CBD oil, you are likely to wonder, for a time, if anything is happening at all. The relaxing and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD oil, when taken orally, might come gradually.

Those who use CBD regularly have explained, based on their own experiences, what makes CBD different from other pain treatments. Some people feel relief in minutes. For other people or more challenging conditions, relief may build over a period of days.

After a period of regular dosing, it may occur to CBD oil consumers that they are no longer suffering the discomfort related to inflammation, pain, tension, or depression that led them to seek a safe form of relief.

In short, the question is not about how CBD oil itself feels; it’s all about a gentle shift to the absence of symptoms.

 

 

What is CBD

If you’re an adult in the United States, you have probably heard about CBD–the natural, cannabis-derived compound that users report can alleviate dozens of ailments.

While the long list of benefits CBD has shown to deliver is an essential and exciting subject to discuss, for those who are new to CBD, it’s imperative to first understand what CBD is and how it works with your body to deliver those benefits.

What is CBD?

CBD is the abbreviation for Cannabidiol, the second most prevalent of the active ingredients in cannabis.

While CBD is one of the primary active ingredients produced by the cannabis plant, CBD does not deliver the intoxicating effects associated with “being high.” It does, however, deliver many of the therapeutic properties of the plant. While further research is underway, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), “to date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

The Science Behind How CBD Works

While it was initially believed that cannabinoids, like CBD, were only produced within cannabis plants, in the mid-20th century, scientists discovered that cannabinoids were also produced in the bodies of most mammals, including humans.

Within our body, there is an endogenous system known as the Endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is comprised of millions of endocannabinoid receptors, which are classified into two groups: CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.

The ECS is spread throughout the body in core health systems including the digestive system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, and immune system. By using the CB1 and CB2 receptors to distribute and relay neurological signals, the ECS acts as a regulatory communication system for the body.

Therapeutic Properties and Reported Benefits of CBD

When introduced into the body, cannabis-derived cannabinoids (classified as “phytocannabinoids”) such as CBD can interact with endogenous cannabinoids (classified as “endocannabinoids”) in the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), studies indicate that CBD may alleviate a variety of ailments, including chronic pain, stress and anxiety, epilepsy, sleeping disorders and more.

When a CBD oil tincture integrates more than one cannabis compound, the benefits are even more powerful. For instance, Kanabia CBD infuses a rich blend of CBD with other cannabinoids and terpenes, which allows their tincture to deliver enhanced benefits.

For decades, CBD has been the focus of numerous medical studies, which have revealed that the cannabinoid is rich with a wide range of naturally therapeutic properties including anti-inflammatory properties, anti-oxidant properties, anti-axyiolic properties, antidepressant properties, and more.

How Do You Use CBD? Different Ways to Use CBD

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a diverse compound that can be synthesized into a variety of different forms. Because of this, CBD can be utilized in a wide array of products, creating numerous ways to use CBD.

Here are several of the most popular ways to use CBD:

CBD Oil Tinctures

CBD tinctures are administered sublingually under the tongue, where the CBD oil is then absorbed into the salivary glands under the tongue.

CBD Capsules

CBD Capsules can come in many different forms with different casings and concentrations, which allows discreet ease of use, and accurate dosing.

CBD Edibles

CBD edibles are available in a variety of different products, but essentially they are CBD infused food products like gummies or baked treats. CBD edibles are an a popular way to use CBD because they’re super easy and usually are very tasty.

CBD Vape Oils and E-Liquids

CBD vape oils and e-liquids not only offer the perfect CBD consumption method for vapers and ex-smokers, they offer one of the most effective ways to consume CBD. By vaping CBD, the CBD enters the body through the lungs and bypasses the digestive tract. This delivers more CBD to the bloodstream, quicker and more efficiently, than most other consumption methods.

CBD Topical Lotions, Creams and Salves

CBD Topicals are applied directly to the skin and deliver the therapeutic properties of CBD to help with inflammation, irritation, discoloration, and a variety of skin conditions.

How to Vape CBD: A Simple Guide

There are many different ways to use CBD, and one of the most popular ways to do so is to vape CBD oils. When it comes to learning how to vape CBD, you want to know that you are doing it correctly and with the correct equipment. Vaping is the preferred method for ingesting CBD because it’s enjoyable as well as being one of the most effective ways to consume it.

When CBD oil is being vaporized, the cannabinoid goes directly through the lungs into the bloodstream. This skips out on the digestive processes of the body, which then delivers a higher level of bioavailability of CBD.

Compared to other methods, this is the best way to experience everything that CBD can offer you. Alongside this, vaping can provide some stress relief, giving your hands something to do—especially if you are giving up smoking cigarettes!

You should learn how to vape CBD oil if you want the most effective method, and it’s not rocket science to learn it, either. You could be completely new to vaping, worrying if it’s the best method for you, and if that’s the case, let’s take a look at those concerns and learn how to vape CBD together!

Methods of Vaping CBD

There are two primary ways to consume CBD with vaping. Below, we talk you through both methods so that you can decide which is the best one for you.

CBD Vape Juice

You can get flavored e-juice or CBD additives. The flavored ones already have flavoring added, and they are ready to drip or fill the cartridge of your device. CBD additives can be used as an extra to your favorite non-CBD vape juice.

CBD Vape Pen

Almost every CBD vape pen comes packaged with a CBD cartridge, and this makes it a quick and easy way to start vaping CBD. You order your pen from a provider that you trust, and then charge the device and it’s ready to go.

Which One Should I Choose?

Both options above have their own pros and cons, but the easiest and most convenient way to vape CBD is with a CBD vape pen. It’s especially a good choice to make if you are new to vaping CBD.

Vape Pen Effectiveness

Those who already know how to vape CBD may prefer to use a vape juice because they are used to the experience that their device can give then. They also may mix their CBD oil with their favorite vape juice. It’s new users that need an “out-of-the-box” solution to their CBD struggles, and a vape pen does just that. There’s very little setup, which makes it an easy solution.

The only real disadvantage of using a CBD vape pen is that you’ll have to replace cartridges more often. This then costs more over time. Vaping CBD oil gives you a more casual way to ingest it, which is also more effective than other methods, such as gummies and smoking. Not every method of CBD will give the effect that you are looking for, either, as only a certain percentage will enter the bloodstream and offer more bioavailability.

CBD Oil Effectiveness

Orally consumed CBD, for example, is not as effective because almost every method of CBD is not soluble in water. Cooking oil doesn’t blend with water, and neither do some CBD oils. The CBD that does pass through the body is filtered through the liver, and this impacts the bioavailability of the CBD. Consuming it orally is still effective, but you have to increase the amount that you consume.

When you vape CBD, you maximize the bioavailability, as it doesn’t go through the liver or the gut, avoiding the first-pass effect. As a result, you allow more than four times as much CBD to enter your circulation, and when you vape CBD, you can get the most out of a smaller dosage.

Of course, you should understand: not every CBD vape juice or pen is made equally. Plenty of companies out there put their own spin on them, offering more than what you get for the money.

Not every company out there will have your best interests in mind, either, so you should be aware of that. Always ensure that the CBD doesn’t contain traces of THC so that you get the best results without putting your health—or even your career—at risk. Vaping CBD with a cartridge is very easy and doesn’t take long to work out. Follow the instructions on the pen and away you go!

9 Politicians Who Openly Support Cannabis

The battle to legalize cannabis in the United States has been a long one, but attitudes are changing. While in the past it would be a radical move for a politician to support the legalization of marijuana, it’s now much more accepted, especially the non-psychoactive components of the plant, like CBD and terpenes. In fact, 62% of Americans now support legalization. With the majority on board, it could be time for a shift that could bring the country not only more freedom but also many economic benefits. Here’s our list of the top 12 politicians that support cannabis reform policies.

#1 – Beto O’Rourke

U.S. Representative, Texas

O’Rourke has previously supported legislation which would decriminalize marijuana usage and keep federal authorities from interfering with medical marijuana operations in legal states. He has a long history of supporting fair treatment of marijuana users, and he even supports expunging criminal records from those who have been convicted of nonviolent marijuana-related offenses.

“Third, we must stop using mandatory minimum sentencing for non-violent drug offenses — a practice that costs taxpayers dearly and destroys lives in the process by locking up people who could safely re-enter society.” – Beto O’Rourke, in the Houston Chronical

#2 – J.B Pritzker

Governor-elect, Illinois

This governor-elect of Illinois has a lot of well laid out plans concerning cannabis that will start going into effect when he takes office in January. His to-do list includes decriminalizing marijuana usage and using the tax money which will be acquired through cannabis legalization to re-invest in communities which were hit hard by the war on drugs.

“It’s time to bring the era of mass incarcerations for minor drug offenses to an end.” – J.B. Pritzker

#3 – Dana Nessel

Attorney General, Michigan

Michigan’s first openly LGBTQ person elected to state office likely owes at least part of her win to her open support of cannabis law reform. Her goal is to bring modern legalization and industry laws to the state of Michigan.

Following in the footsteps of other pro-legalization states like Oregon and California, she hopes that the industry will bring much needed economic growth and tax dollars to the state which will be used to invest in education programs and infrastructure improvements.

“This endorsement is proof that I am the only candidate voters can trust to protect the rights of medical marijuana patients and caregivers, fairly implement the legalization of marijuana in Michigan and fight back against the Trump administration’s overreach.” – Dana Nessel

#4 – Liz Watson

Democratic Nominee, Indiana

While Watson’s stance on recreational cannabis use is unclear, she is working hard to make progress in her home state of Indiana on medical marijuana usage. She believes that her state is ignoring a viable and safe treatment option for patients and that this behavior needs to stop.

“We do not need the federal government restricting study into the medical uses of marijuana, Federal law currently categorizes marijuana as a Schedule 1 narcotic, along with heroin, while oxycodone is Schedule 2. That makes no sense.” – Liz Watson

#5 – Andrew Gillum

Mayor of Tallahassee, Florida

Florida has unfortunately had a disappointing stance on marijuana legalization in the past. In fact, Gillum is the only candidate that’s running for governor of Florida that endorses full legalization. He believes that the current system of criminalizing marijuana usage needs to go, and once Florida finally makes it to full legalization, he wants to invest the influx of tax money from these new industries into Florida’s education budget.

“Legalize it. Tax it. Use the revenue to fix Florida’s public schools and move us up from 29th in the nation to #1.” – Andrew Gillum, on Twitter.

#6 – Corey Booker

U.S. Senator, New Jersey

This U.S. senator has spearheaded many different marijuana policy reforms during his time in office. In 2015, he was one of three senators to introduce the CARERS act which sought to legalize medical marijuana. He also introduced his own bill, the Marijuana Justice Act to end federal cannabis prohibitions and offer incentives to states who choose to legalize it.

“For the rest of your life, it is hard for you to get a job, you can’t get many business licenses, you can’t get a Pell grant, you can’t get food stamps, public housing — we’ve created a caste society in our country, that has affected millions of people, concentrated in certain communities,” – Corey Booker, on the impact of criminalizing marijuana usage.

#7 – Gavin Newsom

Governor, California

California was the first state to legalize medical cannabis, but Gavin Newsom realizes the war is not yet over until it’s legalized at the federal level. While he continues to fight for acceptance of marijuana in California, one of the biggest wars he’s waging on this front is keeping the federal government out of state’s rights. This includes fighting back against attorney general Jeff Sessions attempts to interfere with state’s rights to legalization.

“States rights” is nothing more than a catch phrase to Jeff Sessions. CA overwhelmingly voted to legalize marijuana. Sick and tired of elected officials who lack the courage to stand up for those that are unjustly targeted by the failed war on drugs. The time to speak out is now.” – Gavin Newsom, on Twitter.

#8 – Elizabeth Warren

U.S. Senator, Massachusetts

Warren spoke favorably of the medical marijuana ballot in 2012, and she believes that legalizing medical marijuana is a great way to combat the opioid overdose epidemic. She continues to be a friend to the cannabis industry and to individuals suffering from ailments which could be helped with medical marijuana but are not being offered it as an alternative treatment option.

“Medical marijuana has the potential to mitigate the effects of the opioid crisis.” – Elizabeth Warren

#9 – Jeff Merkley

U.S. Senator, Oregon

Merkley has done a lot to help marijuana businesses to progress, including introducing the Merkley Amendment which would prevent federal prosecutors from going after financial institutions for working with legal cannabis businesses. While this amendment has not yet made it into law, he continues to work on this and other cannabis positive legislation, including one which would legally allow VA doctors to recommend medical marijuana as a treatment to veterans.

“Many in the Capitol say that we should stand up for veterans because they have stood up for us. This amendment provided a real opportunity to stand up for veterans by allowing them to discuss the full range of legal treatment options with their VA providers,”- Jeff Merkley

What is the Entourage Effect

Due to the popularity CBD has gained over the last few years, it has become common for many new users to assume that CBD is the most powerful cannabinoid or that it is more effective when used alone.

This is a common misconception. CBD is certainly a powerful compound; however, when multiple cannabinoids are combined, they deliver what’s known as the “Entourage Effect.”

What Is the Entourage Effect?

The Entourage Effect is a term used to describe the intensified effects that occur when more than 80 cannabinoids and over 100 terpenes work together in synergy. The cannabinoids and terpenes work together to produce the healing effect for which it’s most recognized. The entourage effect also helps to neutralize the psychoactive effects of cannabis, as these can be too intense to deal with alone.

When these separate components stand alone, they aren’t as strong as when they are mixed together; hence the word “entourage.” They’re better when they’re together as a team, rather than in individual parts.

So, if you were to have 25mg of CBD in the purest form, it would have a lesser effect than if you took 25mg of CBD in a mix with other cannabinoids. Of course, this doesn’t mean that CBD doesn’t have any effect; it just means that the effects themselves are enhanced in the presence of other cannabinoids.

The entourage effect affects the body in a number of ways, and a couple of those include:

Effectiveness. Cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system in the body. The idea is that a particular cannabinoid works with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system when in the presence of other cannabinoids.

Potency. The main psychoactive constituent of cannabis is THC, and it’s this that gives the “high” that users seek when they use it. The strength is higher when in the presence of other cannabinoids, but CBD has been shown to reduce the effectiveness of THC.

Why is the Entourage Effect is Important

When you understand the individual components that are involved in the marijuana plant and how they work together, you can understand the benefits to the marijuana community. Terpenes, for example, give cannabis its scent and taste, but they also are responsible for the way that cannabinoids bind to their respective receptors. This then changes the way cannabinoids take effect on the inside.

Terpenes act alongside the cannabinoids to promote the various benefits medically. Terpenes are known to have healing properties, and these include:

  • Reducing inflammation
  • Increased sedation
  • Pain relief
  • Reduction in depression and anxiety

When terpenes partner with cannabinoids, they are far more effective. This is because they change the way the already beneficial cannabinoids function. Most of the research into cannabis can indicate which cannabinoids and terpenes are good for which symptoms.

When we understand how the components all work together and the ways in which they support one another, we understand how new strains are developed that can tailor to individual needs directly.

The Benefits of the Entourage Effect

Many people who like to experiment with marijuana want to know how the entourage effect can help them. It’s brilliant for manifesting itself in a variety of ways, and when different compounds are mixed together, different effects happen on the body.

Top 7 Best High CBD Strains of Cannabis

When you hear people talking about CBD, it’s usually about oils, edibles, or topicals. While these are great ways to use CBD, one of the best ways to go through the full entourage effect is to light up a bowl of a high CBD marijuana strain.

With thousands of different cannabis strains, it can be difficult to choose which ones are best for CBD-users.

Don’t worry–we got you covered.

Here’s our top picks for the best CBD strains to try in 2020.

#1 ACDC

Produced by Dr. William Courtney, AC/DC is a phenotype of the high-CBD cannabis strain, Cannatonic. With a staggeringly high 20: 1 CBD to THC ratio, AC/DC boasts among the highest CBD to THC ratios of all cannabis strains.

Because of its unique cannabinoid ratio, AC/DC can deliver a powerful entourage effect, with very minimal intoxication effects from THC.

Featuring a deep, earthy taste with light hints of sweetness, AC/DC is a favorite high-CBD strain for most cannabis connoisseurs and is sure to leave you feeling thunderstruck.

#2 Stephen Hawkings Kush

With a 5:1 CBD to THC ratio, Steven Hawking Kush is an additional popular high CBD strain that offers a more balanced CBD to THC ratio.

Characteristic of the infamous genius this strain was named after, Stephen Hawking Kush gives a cerebral high combined with the soothing effects of CBD. This Indica-heavy strain has a sweet, fruity taste with pops of mint like bursts of Hawking-level brilliance.

If you’re looking for a cannabis strain that will deliver a balance of medicinal comfort with a clean head high that will not Steven Hawking Kush is definitely worth giving a try.

#3 Cannatonic

Next, on our list, Cannatonic, is one of the most well-known high-CBD strains that offered as a precursor to the rise of interest in high CBD strains.

While its name may sound like this strain will deliver a Cannatonic high, Cannatonic actually offers a very balanced CBD to THC ratio ranging between 5: 1 and 1: 1.

Featuring a smooth, earthy taste with bursts of zesty citrus, Cannatonic is one of our personal favorites and a great everyday high CBD strain.

#4 Ringo’s Gift

Named after the Cannabis activist and CBD pioneer Lawrence Ringo, Ringo’s Gift is a cross-breed between Harle-Tsu and ACDC―both of which are CBD-dominant strains.

While bred in various ratios, Ringo’s Gift has often been found with very-dominant CBD to THC ratios of 24:1. Because of its mellow mix of uplifting and relaxing effects, Ringo’s Gift has become a popular strain around the world with effectiveness in alleviating pain, stress, and anxiety.

#5 Sweet and Sour Widow

Crossbred from White Window and an unnamed sativa strain, Sweet and Sour Widow is an Indica dominant strain with a balanced 1: 1 CBD to THC ratio.

With a mild flavor profile and a balanced CBD to THC ratio, Nice and Sour Widow is ideal for those looking to enjoy the medicinal properties of cannabis strain without a strong head high.

#6 Harle-Tsu

With 20 times more CBD content than THC content, Harle-Tsu is one of the premier CBD-dominant strains, popular for its ability to alleviate pain and inflammation without delivering psychoactive effects to the user.

As a cross breed between Harlequin and Sour Tsunami, Harle-Tsu delivers an enjoyable relaxation effect and has shown to boost the user’s mood.

#7 Valentine X

With an impressive 25:1 CBD to THC ratio, Valentine X tops our list of the best CBD strains.

 

This strain was named after St. Valentine, the patron saint of epilepsy due to its ability to effectively treat epileptic seizures. In addition, Valentine X has shown to significantly alleviate other seizure disorders, reduce inflammation, and assist in treating cancer.

 

With such a high CBD to THC ratio, this strain is highly sought after for its many healing properties.

Cannabinoids 101: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of more than 100 compounds found in the cannabis plant, known as “cannabinoids.”

While most have probably come across the term more than a few times, many may not understand what exactly cannabinoids are and how they work to deliver numerous benefits to the body.

If you’re looking to gain a deeper understanding of cannabinoids and uncover the many benefits cannabis can deliver to your body (or you just want to outsmart that one “know it all friend”), this guide will equip you with the knowledge you need.

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a group of compounds produced within the Cannabis and are responsible for the plant’s many therapeutic properties.

WithWhile Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two of the dominant cannabinoids found within cannabis, researchers have identified more than a hundred others that are naturally created through biosynthesis.

During the early discovery of cannabinoids, researchers believed that the compounds were produced exclusively within Cannabis; however, it was later revealed that cannabinoids were produced within the biological systems of numerous mammals including cats, dogs, and humans.

To establish a distinction between the two types of cannabinoids, plant-derived cannabinoids are classified as “phytocannabinoids” and endogenous cannabinoids (those that are produced within a living organism) are classified as “endocannabinoids.”

By interacting with receptors found throughout various biological systems, including the central nervous system (CNS) and immune system, endocannabinoids help to regulate the function of these systems and maintain the body’s homeostasis

By interacting with receptors found throughout the body, cannabinoids are part of an intricate signaling system known as the Endocannabinoid System.

endocannabinoids are part of a synaptic signaling system found throughout the body known as the Endocannabinoid System (ECS).

By regulating various biological functions in the body, the Endocannabinoid System plays a vital role in maintaining homeostasis in the body

Endocannabinoids Versus Phytocannabinoids

Inside our body, there exists a natural endocannabinoid system that produces and breaks down these substances in order to regulate other systems and aspects of our body. It then stands to reason that this system existed long before humans indulged in smoking cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant, meaning that there are naturally occurring cannabinoids within our own body.

Now, these cannabinoids do not produce the same intense effects that we experience when we take in THC or CBD. Rather, cannabinoids produced in our body react with our endocannabinoid system in order to regulate processes such as homeostasis and pain reduction. Endocannabinoids have been reported to produce anti-inflammatory, anti-metastatic, and anti-proliferative effects within the body. It has also been said that they may play roles throughout the immune system, the mitochondria within cells, and react with neurotransmitters to produce a variety of effects. (However, psychoactive effects of endocannabinoids are not as potent as the effects produced by phytocannabinoids such as THC.)

When it comes to endocannabinoids, there are two main cannabinoids that play major roles in our bodies. These endocannabinoids are known as anandamide and 2-archidonyl glycerol. Anandamide is the cannabinoid most responsible for affecting pain stimuli both physically and mentally. It is also known as the “bliss molecule” due to its release when someone eats chocolate after craving it, can affect short-term memory by affecting connections between nerve cells, and is helpful in reducing the spread of breast cancer cells.

The second most common endocannabinoid, 2-archidonyl glycerol, functions much like anandamide but functions slightly differently due to its variation in chemical structure. 2-archindonyl glycerol is reported to reduce pain by suppressing the immune system and is also known to have psychoactive properties when it binds to specific endocannabinoid receptors.

As you may have already figured out and as we addressed in the first section, cannabinoids are not unique to our body. There also exists cannabinoids that naturally occur in nature, specifically in cannabis. The cannabinoids are referred to as phytocannabinoids due to their occurrence in plants rather than from within our endocannabinoid system.

Like we stated earlier in the article, there are approximately 113 phytocannabinoids found in cannabis, with THC and CBD being the most well-known and the most well-studied. Like the cannabinoids our bodies produce, phytocannabinoids typically exhibit the same traits, which are often anti-inflammatory and psychoactive in one form or another. Unlike our own body’s chemicals, however, these characteristics are generally more pronounced. This is why phytocannabinoids are more effective in treating pain and easing stress. For those who are not producing enough endocannabinoids on their own, phytocannabinoids can be extremely beneficial in helping them regulate their endocannabinoid system.